Vitiligo is an uncommon skin disorder that affects about 1% of the whole world’s population. The main symptom of the disease is white skin patches that may spread to large parts of the body or at times to the whole body. Vitiligo can be frustrating when it affects the visible parts of skin, especially the face.
Vitiligo is caused mainly due to non-functioning melanocytes that do not produce melanin, the chief pigment in the skin. When the melanocyte stops producing melanin, the skin loses its pigmentation hence turns white. There is no answer to the question what causes this disease. But it can be said that genetic factors do have a role behind its occurrence. Hence, vitiligo is referred as an auto immune disease since the body’s immune system attacks and causes damage to your melanocytes that later on cause vitiligo.
Symptoms of vitiligo:
White patches start to appear on the patient’s skin. These patches mainly appear in the sun-exposed areas, such as feet, nostrils, hands, face, eyes, arms and lips. It also affects areas such as armpits, groin, in and around the mouth, navel along with genitals. The skin disorder mainly appears in one of three patterns: focal pattern, segmental pattern in addition to generalized pattern.
Treatments for Vitiligo:
There are several theories that state the cause of vitiligo but no one is aware of the actual cause. As there is no certain cause of the disease, the treatment options for vitiligo are aimed at treating the symptoms of the disease. Today, you can find a number of treatments that try to put in action the function of melanocytes so that they resume production of melanin.
Skin grafting is a procedure for vitiligo patients. The process involves grafting healthy skin with working melanocytes into the affected areas. Additional methods include stimulating the patient’s melanocytes by exposing it to ultraviolet light. A very promising treatment option for vitiligo is using laser to arouse the melanocytes. This method is said to bring out excellent results with least amount of side effects.
Other than these conventional techniques, there are several natural ways to treat vitiligo, such as herbal as well as homeopathic treatment. Homeopathic treatment addresses the main problems related to the digestive and immune system, kidneys and liver.