Multiple Sclerosis- Causes, Diagnosis and Treatment

Multiple Sclerosis (MS), is a disease in which your immune system attacks your nerves, and disrupts the communication between your brain and rest of your body. This in turn affects the nerve function. There are a number of reasons that could give rise to MS, some of them include factors such as genetic, childhood infections and environmental factor. According to studies, people who are less exposed to sunlight have a higher risk of developing MS. Women are twice likely to develop MS than men.

Symptoms and Diagnosis of MS

The symptoms of multiple sclerosis will vary based on the location of the affected nerve fiber. The common symptoms include numbness or tingling, fatigue, weakness, walking difficulties, vision problems, dizziness, bowel problems, bladder problems, and speech problems. However, there is no such test that can diagnose Multiple Sclerosis, but your doctor might ask for a blood test, Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), Evoked Potentials (EP) and Spinal fluid analysis to analyze your nervous system. For a person living with multiple sclerosis, wellness and environment surrounding him is more important than treatment.

Living with MS

Let us look at lifestyle alterations that can help an MS patient manage this chronic health condition.

1. Balanced diet

Maintaining a good nutritious diet is always recommended for a healthy body. If you are diagnosed with MS, then it is vital to follow a strict diet that has low-fat such as olive and fish oils, high-fiber. Studies also suggest that Vitamin D might have a possible benefit for MS.

2. Exercise

You are required to exercise regularly to improve your strength, muscle tone, balance and coordination. According to doctors, you can indulge in physical activities, such as swimming, stretching, walking, low-impact aerobics, stationary bicycling, yoga and tai chi.

3. Temperature level

Doctors say, if your body temperature rises, MS symptoms worsen. Therefore, you must stay in an air-conditioned environment. If exercising outdoors, use cooling products such as vests, neck wraps, and bandanas.

4. Relieve stress

Don’t take stress in any situation as it may worsen your symptoms. Instead, be calm and engage in stress relieving activities like meditation and deep breathing.

5. Recreation and travel

Recreation or travelling your dream destination always make you happy. Never stop yourself from doing it. Consult your neurologist and get advice for precautionary and safety tips while travelling. You can engage in relaxing activities, such as gardening, planting or any such activities that gives you peace and makes you happy.

Conclusion

Sadly, there is no cure for MS, but there are Multiple Sclerosis treatment options available for speedy recovery from attacks and slowing the progression of disease to manage the symptoms of MS.

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