Human body is covered with hair that grows through minute openings in the skin referred as pores. The oil produced by the sebaceous glands lubricates the skin. But, when these glands turn out to be overactive they tend to cause blockages in the pores. The combination of the oily sebum with dead skin cells, dirt as well as keratin, a chief constituent of hair lead to blockage of pores.
When these pores get enlarged and open, it forms blackhead. But if these enlargements remain closed whiteheads are formed. Such unattended blockages can get inflamed resulting in to formation of ugly scars that are associated with Acne.
What is Acne?
It is a very myth that acne is caused by dirt. The black color of Blackheads is not dirt but is oxidized keratin. The keratin blockages causing acne occur deep under the skin from where it is difficult to wash away. The oil buildup on the skin blocks these pores hence regularly washing your face will clear away the oil and unblock the pores.
There are a number of factors that are associated with the onset of Acne. Some of which include:
For instance, during puberty the formation of male sex hormones tend to increase causing the sebaceous glands to produce more sebum.
Some forms of acne is caused due to some kind of bacteria’s which can dwell in your skin pores.
Acne also has hereditary connection. There are various evidences that suggest a link between Acne and genetics. Thus, later generations can inherit further strong strains of sore and the spots.
Stress has a direct impact on acne. The adrenal glands produce more hormones during stressful periods.
It is true that any form of skin inflammation or skin irritation gets aggravated with just a simple act of scratching the spots or sores.
6. Certain Medications –
Using certain medications that contain barbiturates and the halogens, such as iodides and chlorides, as well as lithium are likely to cause Acne flare ups.
Acne is mainly seen in teenagers as it is in this age that your body will have too much of hormonal fluctuations. The occurrence of Acne in older people is very uncommon. Nevertheless, adults can be susceptible to acne during pregnancy and menopause. Other than these there can be other factors that lead to formation of Acne.